A study conducted by trauma departments of four premier hospitals of India have concluded that most men brought to emergency trauma centres are victims of traffic incidents. The same study concluded that women are brought to trauma centres due to falls on the road.
The study assessed gender-based differences in Indian trauma patients. Data was collected from four major hospitals: Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre (JPNATC) in New Delhi, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital (LTMGH) in Mumbai, Sheth Vadilal Sarabhai General Hospital in Ahmedabad and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital in Delhi.These hospitals have between 1,115 and 2,500 patient beds and have tertiary trauma care capacity, with ICU-level trauma beds.
In the research, the data related to 8,605 patients, of whom 1,574 (18.3%) were females, was used for analysis. The average age of the patients was 31.2 years (31.5 years for women and 31.1 years for men). 1,215 were less than 11 years of age (38% of them were girls), 5,750 were 11-46 years old (11.7% women) and 1,630 were above the age of 46 years (26.7% of them were women).
According to the study findings, “The most common mechanism of injury was falls for females (51.5%) and road traffic incidents for males (49.5%). Males were more likely to have sustained a penetrating injury (7.5%) vs females (4.0%). It has been observed from this registry and another large Indian trauma registry that the proportion of males afflicted with trauma is almost four times higher than females. This cannot be generalized to the overall population. However, the results are valid for the Indian urban settings as this study involves urban, tertiary-care centers from large, geographically diverse cities.”
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